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The Complete Payroll Blog

Understanding the FLSA Labor Law Poster Rules

Posted by Complete Payroll | Jan 23, 2019 7:00:00 AM

Understanding the FLSA Labor Law Poster Rules - Complete Payroll

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, every private, federal, state and local government employer employing any employee subject to the Fair Labor Standards Act has to display a poster on minimum wage rules. Fortunately, the DOL is making it easy by providing a wide range of options and presenting versions in a variety of languages and sizes, in both black and white and color. The posters are downloadable in PDF format.

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Key Provisions

The key announcement in the poster is the federal minimum wage: $7.25 per hour. Other provisions noted are:

  • Overtime rules: 1.5 times the regular rate for all hours worked over 40.
  • Child labor rules: These are extensive. Among the key provisions are that an employee must be at least 16 to work most nonfarm jobs and at least 18 to work in jobs classified as hazardous. Youths 14 and 15 may work limited hours in certain kinds of positions only.
  • Tipped employees: Employers may pay "tipped" employers (such as waiters) a minimum wage of $2.13 an hour, but the wages plus tips must equal the standard $7.25 per hour.

Other Provisions

The poster also lists in detail the enforcement provisions: the DOL can recover back wages through administrative or court action, and there may be criminal action as well. Employers in violation of the law "may be assessed civil money penalties of up to $1,100 for each willful or repeated violation of the minimum wage or overtime pay provisions of the law and up to $11,000 for each employee who is the subject of a violation of the Act's child labor provisions." It gets worse if death or serious injury is involved.

The poster also states that companies cannot discharge or otherwise retaliate against workers "who file a complaint or participate in any proceeding under the Act."

Exceptions and Conditions

Of course, there are exceptions and conditions, which are mentioned in the poster. Also, employers should note that certain states and localities have additional rules, such as minimum wages above the federal rate. In Massachusetts, for example, many retail businesses have to pay time-and-a-half for Sunday work, even if the employee hasn't reached the 40-hour threshold. The poster is an important requirement, but does not pretend to encompass all the laws and regulations that may affect wages. Because regulations can change, employers should periodically check the DOL site for updates. If a substantial number of employees speak a language other than English, you may be required to provide bilingual posters.

Learn more about our automated poster compliance service

Topics: Labor law, Human resources

Written by Complete Payroll

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The materials and information available at this website and included in this blog are for informational purposes only, are not intended for the purpose of providing legal advice, and may not be relied upon as legal advice.  The employees of Complete Payroll are not licensed attorneys. This information and all of the information contained on this website are provided pursuant to and in compliance with federal and state statutes. It does not encompass other regulations that may exist, including, but not limited to, local ordinances. Complete Payroll makes no representations as to the accuracy, completeness, currentness, suitability, or validity of the information on this website and does not adopt any information contained on this website as its own. All information is provided on an as-is basis.  Please consult an attorney to obtain advice with respect to any particular question or issue.